Most cottontails live up to 2 years in the wild. It is chunky, red-brown, or gray-brown in appearance, with large hind feet, long ears, and a short, fluffy white tail. They begin independent life at the age or 4 to 5 weeks and start to breed at the age of 2 to 3 months. The mortality rate is almost zero. The eastern cottontail is the most familiar rabbit in Virginia and easily recognized by most Virginians. Another interesting fact is that cottontail rabbits tend to have a quite small home range. : The most, new, latest, shocking, weird, scary, funny, fascinating, interesting and amazing things | facts in the world. Eastern Cottontail. let’s have a look on them; They are productive breeders. Hummingbirds and Butterflies. They have long prominent ears that are set just above the head. Eastern cottontails rely on many different plant species. Cottontail rabbits are almost completely mute animals. There is a rusty patch on the tail. The eastern cottontail pair is known to produce as many as 350,000 babies in a period of just 5 years. Its underside fur is white. Mother visits the nest each day to nurse the babies. Their occurrence is distributed across America, from the dry and desert regions of Arizona, Texas and New Mexico to the Hudson River area and New England. They have got fine layer of fur on their bodies. Habitat The eastern cottontail prefers habitats that are between woody areas and open land. They are mainly recognized by dark gray or light brown in color. This rabbit undergoes two molts per year. It has also been introduced in New England, British Colombia, and Oregon. Young rabbits open their eyes 4 – 5 days after birth. Whatsoever, the major predator of Cottontails life is the golden eagle, however, unlike its name it would not be gold for cottontails but metal for sure!. It can be found in bushy areas, fields, woodlands, swamps and thickets. During the summer months, cottontails primarily eat grasses, legumes, succulent annuals, weeds, as well as the occasional garden vegetable. Cottontails move only short distances. Read complete article related to Pygmy rabbit facts here. Cottontail’s ears average 4.9 – 7.6 cm in length. The Eastern Cottontail is the most common species of Cottontail Rabbits. Eastern Gray Squirrel. Mating and births occur a little later in the north and earlier in southern climates. Females are slightly larger than males. Despite that, population of eastern cottontails is large and stable. Managing Edges for Wildlife. These rabbits are widespread across the Americas, and many species are incredibly common. They will leave the nest when they become 14 days old. In winter the cottontail's pelageis more gray than brown. Social Structure – Many species of cottontails are social in nature, and prefer living in large groups. Bark, twigs and buds are the only source of food during the winter. They prefer to live in meadows and shrubby areas with abundant green grasses and herbs. Sometimes they dig underground burrows not only to avoid predators but also to thwart harsh winter weather. The genus is widely distributed across North America, Central America and northern and … The spring molt, lasting from mid-April to mid-July, leaves a short summer coat that is more brown. This rabbit is seen throughout the state, especially in semi-open areas that have thick, low cover such as brush piles and hedges. Eastern cottontail has brown, reddish-brown or grey backs and white belly. The Eastern cottontail is the most common rabbit species in North America. The exact time of breeding depends on the temperature, food, and light. They have long prominent ears that are set just above the head. Eastern cottontails are typically aggressive species but they will avoid fight inasmuch as possible. The Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a member of the family Leporidae. Eastern Cottontails actually produce two different types of droppings. Cottontail’s ears average 4.9 – … The cottontail is a favorite food of many predators. Young eastern cottontails develop quickly. They are known to live on the edges of more open fields and grasslands as well as yards. The more common Eastern Cottontail was brought to New England to be hunted. Adult cottontail averages 35.5 – 48.5 cm in the overall length. During mid-day cottontails search shelters especially those that provide them brush pile cover or thick clump of grass. The first is soft and green in colour and is re-ingested (eaten) so that the rabbit can digest it more thoroughly, ensuring they get all possible nutrients. Owls. Eastern cottontails are likely to survive in habitats that provide shrubby cover and thorny cover. The winter diet includes small grains, as well as twigs, bark, and buds of shrubs and trees. Main predators of eastern cottontails are snakes, owls, hawks, cats, foxes, weasels and coyotes. They communicate with each other by thumping with their back feet against the ground. Raccoon. Herbaceous Plants for Wildlife. The mean weight is 2 – 3 pounds. However young rabbits may visit the nest again in the next few days. Eastern cottontail swallows it again to digest it more thoroughly and to extract remaining nutrients. The eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus is a native American lagomorph. Females are more likely to be heavier than males. Perhaps the most familiar mark is the short white puffy tail (the cotton tail). Males are known to mate with multiple females. Anatomy . Appalachian cottontails are found in the eastern United States ranging from Pennsylvania to South Carolina and being most prominent in the Appalachian Mountains. It eats grass and herbs in the wild, and lettuce and pea in the gardens. Members of the genus Sylvilagus, cottontails have large ears and short legs and move with a scurrying or scampering gait. They remain active all year-round. They are mainly recognized by dark gray or light brown in color. Eastern cottontail can reach the speed of 18 miles per hour and move in a zigzag manner to escape from the predators. Eastern Cottontail breeding season is from about January through June, with most young born in May and June. They inhabit mostly mountainous regions, coniferous and mixed oak forests. The eastern cottontail rabbit is a midsize rabbit that generally resides throughout eastern North America, from Canada to Mexico. Eastern cottontails are popular game animals. Young cottontails are born blind with no ears either. The eastern cottontail shows the white underside of its short tail when it is running. The cottontail bunny eats plants, is most active at dusk and dawn, and provides a major link in food webs. Depending on the location and habitat, the mating season varies but it usually takes place in January and September. The female builds nest in a hole and gives it a cover using leaves and grasses. The eastern cottontail is found from extreme southern Canada south to South America. They spend daylight hours in shades. They mate three to four times per year. cottontail rabbit, animal of the order Lagomorpha, which includes the hares and rabbits, except for the domestic, or European, rabbit [1], which is in a separate species. Eastern Cottontail Facts. Within the genus Sylvilagus, the eastern cottontail is the species with the widest distribution. They spend first days of their life in the shallow nest in the ground. Eastern cottontail produces two types of feces. The mean weight is 2 – 3 pounds. However, they have a blind spot directly in front of them that is about 10 degrees wide. The eastern cottontail rabbit doesn't dig its own burrows like some other rabbit species do, so they will either find an empty burrow from another animal to crawl into or they will look for woody vegetation to huddle under during cold weather. The eastern cottontail is found throughout the United States, northernmost South America, to as far as southern Canada. It uses keen eyesight and excellent sense of smell and hearing to identify potential predators. Pregnancy in female lasts 25 to 35 days and ends with 3 to 8 babies (usually 7). In the cold days of winter they consume woody material including buds of trees, barks, shrubs, twigs, sedge fruits, rush seeds, and stems. These rabbits are able to begin breeding at 2 to 3 months old. (Almost) 360-degree vision Eastern cottontails have eyes that protrude a bit from their heads, giving them almost 360-degree vision. They seem to like stems or branches that are 0.64 cm (0.25 in) long. The fur around the nose, and underside of the tail and belly, is white. Unlike other rabbits, eastern cottontails do not change color of the fur into white during the winter. However, this feature is not present in all cottontails nor is it unique to the genus. Young will become completely independent in about 28 – 35 days. She gives birth to 7 babies at one time. During summer cottontails eat clover, weeds, and grasses. The eastern cottontail is chunky, red-brown or gray-brown in appearance, with large hind feet, long ears, and a short, fluffy white tail. Eastern cottontail’s diet consists of crabgrasses, Canada bluegrass, ragweed, quackgrass, dandelion, wild strawberries, clover, wild rye, redtop, plantains, alfalfa, and timothy. Most Sylvilagus species have stub tails with white undersides that show when they retreat, giving them their characteristic name. 2. It usually inhabits fields, meadows, swamps, deserts, prairies and farms (where it can produce significant damage). It earns its name because of its fluffy short tail. Eastern cottontail can reach 15.5 to 18.75 inches in length and 28 to 54 ounces of weight. Mating season of eastern cottontails lasts from January to September. Females are slightly larger than males. Sylvilagus floridanus. Eastern cottontail is solitary animal that occupies territory of 5 to 8 acres. There is a rusty patch on the tail. Its short, fluffy tail is also white, hence the name cottontail. Their dense coat is a greyish-brown with black-tipped guard hairs. On average they can litter for 3-4 times in a year, with 3-9 young ones. High mortality is a limiting factor for the growth of population. A familiar rabbit species across much of eastern North America, the eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) has the long ears, large hind legs and feet, and short, fluffy tail which are characteristic of all rabbits and hares. From 1950s, the species was introduced to several European countries. Other Predators include Foxes, weasels, and bull snakes. Low Cost Habitat Improvements. In America, 13 sub-species of the cottontail exist. Today the New England Cottontail is restricted to less than a fifth of its range in the early 1900s, whereas the Eastern Cottontail … The tail is 2.5 – 7.6 cm long. Interesting Eastern cottontail Facts: Eastern cottontail can reach 15.5 to 18.75 inches in length and 28 to 54 ounces of weight. There are several species of cottontail rabbit, but the eastern cottontail is the most common. The second is small and hard and is only waste, having had all the nutrients extracted from it. Body ends with small, fluffy tail, which resembles a cotton ball, hence the name - cottontail. Predators of cottontail include hawks, cats, snakes. Raccoon Facts: Anatomy, Diet, Habitat, Behavior, First Horse Starter Kit – Equipment That You Need to Ride, Common Health Issues With Horses To Know The Signs Of, Woolly Mammoth Facts – Woolly Mammoth Habitat and Diet – Woolly Mammoth Extinction, Endangered Animals Facts | Top 7 Critically Endangered Animals. It is 12 cm (4.71 in) deep. As such, each species has a slightly different habitat and climatic conditions to adapt to. New England Cottontails are primarily forest creatures and depend on areas of thick shrubs to hide. Its appearance differs from that of a hare in that it has a brownish-gray coloring around the head and neck. 3. Males may be sexually mature at only one month of age and females within their first year. During winters, the fur color changes to a grayish shade. Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. The average sizes and weights of the three rabbit and hare species of New York are presented in Table 1. Adult females have a home range of about 0.2 to 16.2 hectares (0.5 to 40 acres) while adult males have got 3 hectares (6.9 acres) of territory. Cottontail can run at a speed of over 30km/h when it comes to its life. Eastern cottontail hides in dense thicket during the day. Snags and Downed Logs. The cottontail is one of the most common small mammals in Minnesota. Both parents reach maturity at the age of 2 – 3 months. Its underside fur is white. It is especially abundant in habitats that contain edges of open, grassy fields and thorny or shrubby cover. Songbirds and Woodpeckers. They also live in areas with dense vegetation such as blueberry, mountain laurel, blackberry vines and cane. Eastern cottontail is small mammal that belongs to the family of rabbits. Pools for Amphibians. The NE Cottontail seems to be less able to sense predators from far away than other rabbit … Unlike other rabbits, eastern cottontails do not change color of the fur into white during the winter. 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