The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution gives a unique, and innovative (for its time) perspective on the causes and ideology of the patriots before the American Revolution. Hence, Jefferson replaced the right of property that was safeguarded in European constitutions with the right to happiness. [11]He went on to say: “All communities divide themselves into the few and the many. And among them were people from groups who knew they were going to get it in the neck if the colonists won – blacks and Native Americans, for example. “The eighteenth century was an age of ideology; the beliefs and fears expressed on one side of the revolution were as sincere as those expressed on the other. This has made us formidable; this has given us great weight and authority with our neighbouring nations. Without it, the United States of America may not have come into existence. The Role of Ideology in the American Revolution: Howe, John R.: 9780882754062: Books - Amazon.ca In my own opinion, I believe that so many things caused the revolution, Firstly the economic situation, there was dissatisfaction of the unlimited power and authority, which made the colonies not to run their own economy to bloom, and also not allowing the colonials print legal tender money, and any other monies printed was not considered legal by the King, and this made it very hard to pay royal taxes. “The notion of personal freedom and liberty also descended from the Iroquois and, most notably, from the Mohawks, who had the most contact with the British colonists. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. cit., p. 509. One of which was the disadvantages the American colonies had to face. The American Revolution was a political upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783 during which the Thirteen American Colonies broke from the British Empire and formed an independent nation, the United States of America. Revolution was therefore justified in order to ‘purify’ the American corner of the empire and uphold the high principles of the British political and legal systems. Starting in 1765 the Americans rejected the authority of Parliament to tax them without elected representation; protests continued to... ... THE IDEOLOGY OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION Written by Vladimir Moss THE IDEOLOGY OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION The system of government of the United States, as incarnate in the Declaration of Independence of 1776 and the Constitution of 1787, is usually considered to be a product of English liberal ideas, particularly those of John Locke. An accelerated evolution is a rapid process of growth and change, while a cataclysmic revolution is a sudden and violent event that brings great changes. In our government the real power lies in the majority of the community, and the invasion of private rights is chiefly to be apprehended, not from acts of government contrary to the sense of its constituents, but from acts in which the government is the mere instrument of the major number of the constituents. But this good administration, he believed, could only go on for a few years, after which it “can only end in despotism, as other forms have done before it, when the people shall become so corrupted as to need despotic government, being incapable of any other…”[21]. New taxes passed by the government gradually began to anger the colonists more and more, once they realize the unfairness of another country thousands of miles away telling them what to do. With regard to slavery, “the irony is,” writes Ferguson, “that having won their independence in the name of liberty, the American colonists went on to perpetuate slavery in the southern states. Reason may mislead us. Many colonists, in keeping with Montaigne, saw the Indian way of life as a ‘recapitulation of Eden’. Believing they had been deprived of their rights under the English constitution, their aim was to regain these rights. The American Revolution was the result of increasing colonial unhappiness with British rule. John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence, showing the Committee of Five presenting its work to Congress. It was not reason that discovered the singular and admirable mechanism of the English constitution…. Leaders of the the American Revolutionary War used the rhetoric of republican ideologies of liberty for all, freedom from oppression, individual liberty, and … This is a truth of great importance, but not yet sufficiently attended to…”[14], However, if the Constitution of 1787 should be considered a defeat for Jefferson, he had many victories ahead of him. No less a source than Madison believed that slavery was the central cause of the most elemental division in the Constitutional Convention: ‘the States were divided into different interests not by their difference of size,’ Madison observed, ‘but principally from their having or not having slaves… It did not lie between the large and small States: it lay between the Northern and Southern.’, “The delegates from New England and most of the Middle Atlantic states drew directly on the inspirational rhetoric of the revolutionary legacy to argue that slavery was inherently incompatible with the republican values on which the American Republic had been based. The Republican Ideology and the American Revolution The republican ideology is a facet of the social fabric of the colonial citizens of America that may, arguably, have had the greatest affect on the struggle for independence However, the Americans went a significant step further in granting individual citizens the right to bear arms in defence of their rights. [23] Reynolds, America, Empire of Liberty, London: Penguin, 2010. Many colonists, in keeping with Montaigne, saw the Indian way of life as a ‘recapitulation of Eden’. Reason may mislead us. 6 7 8. We can see the difference if we compare the United States and Canada: the latter, however admirable, has never excited the world with the promise of ‘life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness’…”[3], More precisely, the Declaration took the principles of the English “Glorious Revolution” of 1688, as formulated by Locke, and applied them more generally, thereby showing that Lockean liberalism was dangerously open-ended, tending to its own destruction. Admittedly, these treaties were not strictly adhered to when peace came, sparking the war known as Pontiac’s Uprising in 1763. British troops were being quartered at the colonists' homes. For them, "republicanism represented more than a particular form of government. See also Simon Collinson, “President or King?”, History Today, vol. [6]Stone, The Atlantic and its Enemies, London: Penguin, 2011, pp. 51-52. Jefferson owned two hundred, only seven of whom he ever freed. The numbers are supposed to have been in the neighbourhood of maybe a hundred thousand out of a total population of about two and a half million – so it was a substantial part of the population. The American Revolution produced a new nation, however this new nation was not created from new beliefs. The Articles likewise made no attempt at all to balance the powers of this assembly, effectively an executive, with separate legislative or judicial branches of government. From the point of view of most African-Americans, American independence postponed emancipation by at least a generation. In France the military gained power and influence, and Napoleon crowned himself Emperor, showing how (as in many revolutions) the revolutionaries often revert to the same types of society as the ones that preceded them. IS THE MOSCOW PATRIARCHATE CRUMBLING AT LAST? The French and Indian War had cost Britain a lot of money and King George ll wanted help in paying the expenses. Mark Almond writes: “The Declaration, approved by congress on 4 July 1776 and signed by its members on 2 August, was greeted with incredulity by the British. But the delegates from South Carolina and Georgia succeeded in having it deleted. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. In the 1740s the Mohawk Chief Canassatego gave the following advice to Benjamin Franklin: “Our wise forefathers established union between the Five Nations. Founding Fathers listen to the draft of the Declaration of Independence The ideology held by most American revolutionaries was one in which they knew their sacrifices would be acknowledged and appreciated by future generations of Americans. Politically, the American Revolution was more of an accelerated evolution, despite some drastic choices that indicate a cataclysmic revolution. Thus in 1776 Benjamin Franklin admitted “that our struggle has loosened the bonds of government everywhere; that children and apprentices were disobedient; that schools and colleges were grown turbulent; that Indians slighted their guardians, and negroes grew more insolent to their masters…”[27], The reaction of Thomas Jefferson, that famous lover of freedom, was imperialist, even eliminationist.     The 18th century is known historically as the age of Enlightenment. ...the war. To individuals of this type, the word revolution still had its older meaning, invoking something that ‘revolves’ and would, through their efforts, return to its rightful place—in effect, a restoration. Republicanism A motivating force behind the revolution was the American embrace of a political ideology called "republicanism", which was dominant in the colonies by 1775. “Up until then, each colony had its own government which decided which taxes they would have, and collected them,” explainsWillard Sterne Randall, a professor emeritus of history at Champlain College and author of numerous … [25] But this did not prevent him from moving to include a clause condemning George III for the slave trade. 12-13. 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